Scientists say Zika ‘may be impossible to eradicate in the Americas’

By: BTN News
New research indicates wild monkeys in South America are carrying the Zika virus, which then is transmitted to people via mosquitoes, with scientists saying it may be impossible to eradicate the virus in the Americas.
Zika is relatively harmless to most people, but can lead to birth defects in babies whose mothers are infected during pregnancy. Mosquitoes are the prime transmitters of the disease to people.
“Our findings change our understanding of the ecology and transmission of Zika virus in the Americas,” said senior study author Nikos Vasilakis, a professor in the department of pathology at the University of Texas Medical Branch.
“A natural transmission cycle involving local mosquitoes and wild local primates as a reservoir and amplification host will impact our predictions of new outbreaks in the Americas, because we cannot eradicate this natural transmission cycle,” Vasilakis said.
After the carcasses of wild monkeys in Brazil were found to be infected with Zika, the researchers infected four monkeys with the Zika virus in a laboratory.
They found that levels of the virus remained steady over time, suggesting that monkeys are a reservoir of the virus in tropical areas of the Americas.
Senior study author doctor Mauricio Lacerda Nogueira said: “This is a game changer for people involved with disease control – including vaccine developers, public health officials and policymakers.”

DDT in Glacial Melt Puts Alaskan Communities at Risk

(Beyond Pesticides, December 11, 2018) Meltwater and runoff from Alaskan glaciers contain detectable levels of organochlorine pesticides that bioconcentrate in fish and put individuals at risk, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Maine(UMaine). DDT, lindane, and other organochlorines have been detected throughout the world, even in natural areas thought to be untouched, and pristine. As UMaine scientists show, the atmospheric transport and ubiquitous deposition of these pesticides continues to pose risks to U.S. residents long after regulations banned their use.

Although most of the highly toxic class of organochlorine pesticides like DDT were banned in the early 1970s, some chemicals retained certain uses. Lindane, for example, had its pest management uses phased out gradually until 2007, but is still allowed today as a scabies and lice shampoo. While use of these pesticides has declined in the U.S., much of the developing world, including many Asian countries, such as China, India, and North Korea, still report use. This results in atmospheric transport of the pesticides, and relevant to the UMaine research, increases the likelihood that the chemicals will eventually be deposited onto Alaskan glaciers through snow or rain.

The UMaine research team investigated the amount of DDT and lindane historically and recently deposited into the Jarvis Glacier, located in Eastern Alaska northwest of Juneau. Researchers analyzed glacial meltwater and ice core samples down to the bedrock.

Results found that ice core samples taken between 20 and 45 feet contained the highest concentrations of organochlorines, with concentrations decreasing closer to bedrock. Meltwater generally contains slightly higher levels of pesticides than any ice core sample taken. Although concentrations detected are low and none exceeded 1.12 ng/L, researchers indicate that the risk is not direct exposure, but the bioconcentration of these chemicals up the food chain.

In UMaine’s press release, study coauthor Kimberly Miner, PhD, indicates that even with low levels of organochlorines, both adults and children who regularly consume fish in contaminated streams are at increased risk of cancer, as their consumption levels are likely to exceed EPA thresholds. She indicates that children are particularly vulnerable, and as climate change accelerates the rate of melting, these concerns are only likely to intensify. “This secondary impact of climate change will be felt most strongly by children, and needs to be addressed in a comprehensive way,” Dr. Miner said. Organochlorine contamination not only puts individuals at health risks, it jeopardizes the traditions and subsistence way of life for many Alaskan native peoples, necessitating significant investment in culturally appropriate solutions.

Research published earlier this year links mothers’ DDT exposure to increased rates of autismin their children. In 2016, a similar study found that mothers with organochlorine contamination in the highest 25th percentile had an 80% increased risk of giving birth to a child that develops autism. DDT and its breakdown products are known endocrine disruptors and have been linked to breast cancer, and early menopause. Lindane is considered by the world health organization to be in the highest cancer classification – carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), but, despite this, risk is still allowed for use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The dangers posed by long-banned pesticides highlights the ongoing deficiencies in regulating persistent pesticides. For example, DDT, though banned for use in the U.S. in 1972, continued to be produced in the U.S. and exported throughout the world into the late 1980s. This is the case with a number of toxic pesticides – banned for use in the U.S., but not for export to other countries. It is incumbent on U.S. lawmakers and regulators to enact protections in a manner that makes us a model for the world, rather than shifting hazards to developing countries. To the extent that we are aware of the hazards of pesticides, have cancelled some or all of their uses, and are aware of a country’s limited capacity to enforce label restrictions on use, training, and protective equipment, it is unconscionable to export hazardous pesticides. As this study reveals, such failures to stop the exportation of hazardous pesticides are likely to come back to harm us in the long run.

For more information on the dangers posed by long-banned pesticides, see Beyond Pesticides Daily News sections for DDT and lindane.

All unattributed positions and opinions in this piece are those of Beyond Pesticides.

Source: Water-OpenAccessJournal,  University of Maine PR

KiltronX Gives You Power and Control Over Bed Bugs

Since the onset of bedbugs in the late 90’s, we’ve come to understand that bedbug infestations are completely avoidable.

No, we’re not saying you won’t get them, because everyone is at risk.

What we are saying is, bedbugs don’t have to grow into infestations if you put a little prevention in place.

It starts with [1] learning risks and how to recognize the signs.

Once you know these things you can be proactive in prevention!

KiltronX is a company that thought this out and prepared a powerful, yet effective product line to end bedbugs before they can take hold.

Do-It-Yourself Isn’t as Hard as You Think

From what you read online, you’d think that bedbugs are impossible to deal with.

Well, it isn’t so if you know what you’re doing that is.

We give you power to control and make it easy and affordable.

Having a coordinated bedbug control system in place eliminates the worry of bed bugs taking over.

We know that pesticides are not the answer to bedbugs.

Most pesticides used today, are at best moderately effective at controlling these pests.

Sure, they may kill a bug if you drown it with spray, but most bedbugs “hide” where you can’t always see them.

And who wants their home saturated with toxic chemicals anyway?

Steps for KiltronX Do-it-Yourself Bed Bug Control

“if you already have an infestation”, determine the extent of your infestation.

We are here to put an end to bedbugs without breaking the bank.

Order our [2] KiltronX Live Free Bedbug Barrier Systems Emergency Response Kit and get to work.

You want to make sure you apply KiltronX products in all areas.

Most of the time bedbugs will be found in areas where they can access a meal, your bed.

But they are often found in coaches and easy chairs.

They don’t fly or jump so they need to crawl to your when you are resting for long periods of time.

Typically, an infestation will begin in one room and spread to other rooms of the home as people take items that may be infested from one room to another.

So be mindful of what you remove from the infested room so you don’t spread them further.

Also, if you live in a dwelling with shared walls you need to talk to your neighbors and coordinate a complete elimination protocol together.

Elimination Tips

Don’t go throwing away all your furniture!

It’s not necessary and most everything is treatable. (Unless it’s very old, has lots of rips, stains, tears and you wanted to replace it anyway).

If you choose to throw an item away, make sure to wrap it in plastic so nothing falls off during transport.  (You don’t want to spread them)

And don’t forget to mark it “Bed Bug Infested“, so it isn’t tempting for an unsuspected trash shopper.

And please, don’t donate infested items to your local thrift store!

If you do throw items away, remember don’t replace them until you know all the bedbugs are gone. (You wouldn’t want to re-infest your new furniture)

Bedbugs are normally located on the mattress and box spring piping and edges, but can also be on the headboard and frame if you have one.

The KiltronX Bedbug Control System is the first, and only one of its kind, complete bedbug solution that offers protection for the entire room.

Our product consists of non-woven textiles infuse with an organic compound called KiltreX Powder that actively kills bedbugs.

How?

When a bed bug crawls across the protective barrier and comes in contact with KiltreX Powder, the powder works by pulling the moisture out the exoskeleton of the bug.

Similar usage in the organic farming industry, KiltreX Powder can be safely used around humans and pets.

First, apply Live Free Kilspray and KiltreX Powder to infect areas and allow to dry.

For best results, apply [3] KiltronX Mattress Wrap and Topper Sheet to your bed.  This creates a “barrier” to protect you and kill bedbugs.

Apply Leg Booties to the legs of your bed-frame and KilTape to headboard.

Note: Take furniture apart – remove drawers and cushions and inspect and treat every nook and cranny.  Pat attention to each welt, button and fold in upholstered furniture.

You man wish to discard low-value, stuffed furniture that is infested and too difficult to treat,  After spraying, return each article of furniture to the part of the room that have been treated.  Do not reintroduce any furniture of other items to the treated room until they have been thoroughly clean, inspected or treated.

Economical with Guarantee!

All our product can be found on our websiteAmazon, Walmart for under $100.

KiltronX products work 24/7/365 and helps control bed bugs – Guaranteed for up to two years!

No other product gives you the peace of mind and guarantee that KiltronX does.

Buy yours today!

 

 

 

Chagas Disease Spreading to US, Death Rate Higher Than Expected

By

NutritonReview.org

Chagas disease is classified as one of the 17 most important neglected diseases by the World Health Organization. Now, researchers have found that even the non-symptomatic stage of Chagas infection, which can last for many years, more than doubles a person’s risk of death. The new study, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, also concludes that deaths from Chagas have likely been under-reported in the past.

Chagas disease is an insect-borne parasitic disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, also known as the kissing bug, an insect found across half of the United States. A bite from an infected insect initially causes swelling, fever, and headaches, but symptoms are generally mild and fade away after a few months. Infected people often live for decades with no further signs of the disease, during which time medical experts believed there were no further effects. Now new research has revealed that years later, roughly 30% of those infected can develop serious cardiac, digestive, or neurological disorders.

Chagas Spreading to U.S.
Chagas disease is primarily associated with Central and South America, where it is a leading causes of heart failure. Now the disease, and the insect that causes it, are becoming more common across the United States, with a higher percentage of new infections being contracted within the U.S. borders. In Texas, Chagas disease is now diagnosed at higher levels than previously believed, according to researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. “We were astonished to not only find such a high rate of individuals testing positive for Chagas in their blood, but also high rates of heart disease that appear to be Chagas-related,” said Baylor epidemiologist Melissa Nolan Garcia.

And the problem is not just in Texas – one recent study of 5,000 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County has found that 1.24% now test positive for Chagas disease. Additionally, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have estimated that approximately 300,000 people are living with Chagas in the US.

Increased Risk of “Silent Death”

Less than 1% of infected patients are receiving treatment for Chagas disease, according to Dr. Sheba Meymandi, Director of the Center of Excellence for Chagas Disease (CECD) at Olive View-UCLA Medical Center. “Without treatment many Chagas patients are at risk of a “silent death” due to heart failure. Our study demonstrates the need for similar research in other states, and underscores the critical importance of early detection and treatment to tackle this public health challenge in the US.”

Increased Mortality from Chagas

In another new paper, Ligia Capuani, of the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and colleagues studied medical records of 2,842 Chagas-positive and 5,684 Chagas-negative blood donors in Sao Paulo from 1996 to 2000. Since blood donors are routinely screened for symptoms of active Chagas disease, it was assumed that blood samples testing positive for the parasite were from individuals in the indeterminate phase of the disease. Their records were cross-referenced with the Brazil national mortality information system to determine whether each person had died and, if so, the cause of death.

Among those who tested positive for Chagas, 159 (5.6%) died during the course of the study, whereas only 103 (1.8%) who tested negative for the disease died, representing a more than doubling of the overall death risk. Moreover, when only deaths due to Chagas or to underlying cardiac abnormalities were analyzed, the different was even greater – those diagnosed with Chagas disease had a 17.9 time greater risk of death. However, Chagas was often not listed as a cause of death in patients who had tested positive for the disease and died of heart problems.

“The fact that Chagas disease was not reported as an underlying or associated cause of death on the death certificate of 42% of seropositive donors that died due to cardiac causes demonstrates under ascertainment of Chagas disease pathogenesis, highlighting its status as a neglected tropical disease,” the researchers say. “Research is urgently needed in order to test new therapeutic options with fewer side effects and to find better correlates of disease progression.”

Treatment

The only drugs that successfully kill Trypanosoma cruzi parasites are benznidazole and nifurtimox, both more than 40 years old. Presently, neither drug is registered for use in the US by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Boosting access to these drugs and developing newer, better treatments will be critical to any Chagas disease response.

Source: Ligia Capuani, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach, Airlane Pereira Alencar, Alfredo Mendrone, João Eduardo Ferreira, Brian Custer, Antonio Luiz P. Ribeiro, Ester Cerdeira Sabino. Mortality among blood donors seropositive and seronegative for Chagas disease (1996–2000) in São Paulo, Brazil: A death certificate linkage studyPLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2017; 11 (5): e0005542 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005542

Sorry To Break It To You, But You Can Get Bed Bugs on Airplanes

By: Ana Luisa Suarez

(Image credit: Ryan Fletcher / Shutterstock.com)

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Have you ever read something and thought “well, that is enough internet for today!” Us too. We’re sorry to tell you this, but you should be aware of it. Apparently, you can get bed bugs on an airplane. Yup – they’re not just on beds, these bugs like to catch flights too.

Bed bugs are little pests that grow to the size of an apple seed. They’re known for feeding off of blood, thus causing itchy and blotchy spots on their human hosts. Their name has always implied that bed bugs typically appear in one area – a bedroom. However, bedbugs actually can be spread and travel with their human hosts.

According to a report by Fox5NY, bed bugs were discovered on an Air India flight from Newark International Liberty airport bound for India. If you thought “well, that is just one airplane,” think again, because however those bed bugs got there, they had to come on one person or multiple people, and those people had to go through security, they could have stopped in the bathroom or for food. Newark Liberty International Airport sees over 12 million international passengers and over 27 million domestic passengers.

One passenger on the flight shared a tweet about how their seats were infested with bed bugs and they shared several photos for evidence. An infant on the flight was covered in bug bites by the end of the 17-hour flight. The entire family had to be treated for bed bug bites and were prescribed 10 days worth of antibiotics.

View image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Pravin Tonsekar@pat_tons

@airindiain @sureshpprabhu @narendramodi_in Suresh Prabhuji – just arrived from New York on Air India 144 business class with family . All our seats infested with bed bugs . Sir , have heard of bed bugs on trains but shocked to experience on our maharaja and that too business

285 people are talking about this

After multiple passengers tweeted photos of bug bites and their airplane seats, Air India has issued a statement:

“Air India is deeply concerned with a few reports of ‘bugs’ causing inconvenience to its esteemed passengers. The issue has been viewed seriously and every possible step is being taken to closely inspect and further strengthen our system at every level to ensure that such isolated incidents of passenger discomfiture do not affect our consistent performance.”

Bed bugs tend to feed on their host while they’re sleeping, typically between 12 AM to 5 AM. They need to feed often in order to reproduce and lay eggs. If you’ve been bitten by a bed bug, you should see a doctor to get treatment. Many treatments for these bites are antihistamines and topical creams to relieve the itching, oral antibiotics to reduce inflammation around the bite, and/or corticosteroids if the person that was bitten is having a severe reaction. Unlike ticks and mosquitos, bed bugs don’t carry and transmit diseases, but their bites are very irritating.

Next time you fly, you might want double check your seat for any signs of bed bugs. They leave behind tiny rusty-brown spots that are about the size of apple seeds.

H/T: Jalopnik

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Have you ever read something and thought “well, that is enough internet for today!” Us too. We’re sorry to tell you this, but you should be aware of it. Apparently, you can get bed bugs on an airplane. Yup – they’re not just on beds, these bugs like to catch flights too.

Bed bugs are little pests that grow to the size of an apple seed. They’re known for feeding off of blood, thus causing itchy and blotchy spots on their human hosts. Their name has always implied that bed bugs typically appear in one area – a bedroom. However, bedbugs actually can be spread and travel with their human hosts.

According to a report by Fox5NY, bed bugs were discovered on an Air India flight from Newark International Liberty airport bound for India. If you thought “well, that is just one airplane,” think again, because however those bed bugs got there, they had to come on one person or multiple people, and those people had to go through security, they could have stopped in the bathroom or for food. Newark Liberty International Airport sees over 12 million international passengers and over 27 million domestic passengers.

One passenger on the flight shared a tweet about how their seats were infested with bed bugs and they shared several photos for evidence. An infant on the flight was covered in bug bites by the end of the 17-hour flight. The entire family had to be treated for bed bug bites and were prescribed 10 days worth of antibiotics.

View image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Pravin Tonsekar@pat_tons

@airindiain @sureshpprabhu @narendramodi_in Suresh Prabhuji – just arrived from New York on Air India 144 business class with family . All our seats infested with bed bugs . Sir , have heard of bed bugs on trains but shocked to experience on our maharaja and that too business

After multiple passengers tweeted photos of bug bites and their airplane seats, Air India has issued a statement:

“Air India is deeply concerned with a few reports of ‘bugs’ causing inconvenience to its esteemed passengers. The issue has been viewed seriously and every possible step is being taken to closely inspect and further strengthen our system at every level to ensure that such isolated incidents of passenger discomfiture do not affect our consistent performance.”

Bed bugs tend to feed on their host while they’re sleeping, typically between 12 AM to 5 AM. They need to feed often in order to reproduce and lay eggs. If you’ve been bitten by a bed bug, you should see a doctor to get treatment. Many treatments for these bites are antihistamines and topical creams to relieve the itching, oral antibiotics to reduce inflammation around the bite, and/or corticosteroids if the person that was bitten is having a severe reaction. Unlike ticks and mosquitos, bed bugs don’t carry and transmit diseases, but their bites are very irritating.

Next time you fly, you might want double check your seat for any signs of bed bugs. They leave behind tiny rusty-brown spots that are about the size of apple seeds.

Study Offers Further Evidence of Bed Bugs’ Ability to Transmit Chagas Disease Pathogen

bed bug adult with eggs and nymphs

A study by researchers at New Mexico State University shows that bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are capable of hosting the pathogen that causes Chagas disease for up to 97 days, and the pathogen can persist even through the bed bug’s molting process between one nymphal stage and the next. (Photo credit: David Mora del Pozo, Anticimex)

 

Though generally regarded as a nuisance or irritant pest, the common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) is known to be capable of harboring more than 40 human disease-causing pathogens. It’s the transmission back to humans that bed bugs seem not to be as good at as some of their other blood-feeding cousins. But entomologists have some evidence that bed bug feces can be a channel for disease transmission, so it’s wise to study which pathogens bed bugs can carry and just how well those pathogens can survive within them.

To that end, bed bug researchers at New Mexico State University have investigated the ability of bed bugs to carry Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan that causes Chagas disease, and report their findings in a new article published Friday in the Journal of Medical Entomology. In a lab experiment, the researchers found that nearly all bed bugs they fed with T. cruzi-infected blood later showed live forms of the pathogen in their guts and that T. cruzi frequently survived through its hosts’ molting.

That latter finding, known as transstadial persistence, is notable because bed bug nymphs typically molt after each blood meal, which they do five times before reaching their adult stage, says Alvaro Romero, Ph.D., assistant professor of urban entomology at NMSU and senior researcher on the study. “If T. cruzi could not persist throughout the molting process, nymphs would be less effective as vectors since they would have to feed on an infected host to reacquire the parasite in their guts after each molting. says Romero.

“Romero and colleagues Brittny Blakely and Stephen Hanson, Ph.D., sought to understand how long T. cruzi could survive within bed bugs, and they found that—in addition to the parasite surviving across nymphal stages—T. cruzi lasted as long as 97 days in adult male bed bugs fed with infected blood (whether it could last longer is unknown, as the experiment stopped after that period). The evidence might have important epidemiological implications, Romero says, in case cycles of T. cruzi infection between bed bugs and humans get established in areas endemic to Chagas disease.

Chagas disease is a vector-borne infection with symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening, and it is spread primarily by insects in the Triatominae subfamily, a grouping of approximately 130 species found in the Americas. (They’re often known as “kissing bugs,” for their habit of feeding on sleeping humans’ faces.) The blood-feeding insects spread Chagas disease through their feces, and the infection affects as many as 8 million people in Mexico, Central America, and South America, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The NMSU researchers’ findings offer further evidence that bed bugs could be potentially capable of spreading Chagas disease in natural conditions. A study by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine published in 2015 showed bed bugs could spread the infection to mice in a lab setting, though further research is needed, Romero says, to judge whether such transmission can occur from bed bugs to humans, in a real-world setting, and to what degree.

“We also hope this work triggers interest from the Latin American research community to look in more detail at the epidemiology of Chagas, or any other disease, in their countries and better understand the potential of bed bugs to transmit the disease causal agent in natural conditions,” Romero says.

Nearly 2,500 Migrants in Tijuana Sick With Communicable Diseases

Nearly 2,500 Migrants in Tijuana Sick With Communicable Diseases

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If wrecking American sovereignty, lowering wages, and increasing the public welfare load aren’t reasons enough to oppose the influx of migrant invaders sitting in Tijuana, here is another: At least 30 percent of them are sick with communicable diseases they might spread to Americans in schools, hospitals, welfare and employment offices, and other public places.

And by “sick,” officials in Mexico don’t mean the common cold. They mean serious disease.

Some of the migrants are turning around and heading home after months of traveling through Mexico, as The New American reported today. But with a third of the 6,000 or so in Tijuana coughing and breaking out in blisters, now is not the time for the Trump administration to weaken.

AIDS, TB, and Chickenpox
That’s because the diseases many of the migrants carry are deadly — or can be.

“Out of 6,000 migrants currently residing in the city, over a third of them (2,267) are being treated for health-related issues,” Fox News reported.

So far, officials have confirmed three cases of tuberculosis, four cases of AIDS, and four separate cases of chickenpox, the network reported.

Even worse, they’ve also brought in bugs. Real bugs. At least 101, Fox reported, carry lice and “skin infections.”

That means the migrants might well start a typhus epidemic or bring in chagas disease.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, the body louse is the vector for the typhus bacterium, Rickettsia prowazekii.

“Epidemic typhus is spread to people through contact with infected body lice,” CDC says. It noted the disease is uncommon these days, although “epidemic typhus was responsible for millions of deaths in previous centuries.” But cases continue to occur, in areas where extreme overcrowding is common and body lice can travel from one person to another.”

The Benito Juarez Sports Complex, where the migrants are housed, is one such overcrowded area: 6,000 are packed into an area meant for 1,000.

Chagas is another of the many benefits the migrants might bring. And unlike louse-borne typhus, chagas is not rare. It’s epidemic in Latin America.

Blood-sucking triatomine bugs cause the disease:

These blood-sucking bugs get infected by biting an infected animal or person. Once infected, the bugs pass T. cruzi parasites in their feces. The bugs are found in houses made from materials such as mud, adobe, straw, and palm thatch. During the day, the bugs hide in crevices in the walls and roofs. During the night, when the inhabitants are sleeping, the bugs emerge. Because they tend to feed on people’s faces, triatomine bugs are also known as “kissing bugs.”

Some eight million people in Mexico, Central America, and South America have it, and most don’t know it.

Officials also worry about a hepatitis outbreak because of the filth in the Benito Juarez Sports Complex. “The location also has only 35 portable bathrooms,” Fox reported. “A sign reading ‘No Spitting’ was put up, as coughing and spitting by migrants are rampant in the shelter.”

Multi-Drug Resistant TB
Particularly worrisome is how many of the migrants carry a particularly virulent form of TB that is resistant to multiple antibiotics. Frightening data appeared in a paper published last year by the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

It reported that 37,684 immigrants with TB entered the United States between 2005 and 2009. The most, 24.1 percent, or 9,098, came from Mexico. Another 1,154, or 3.1 percent, came from Guatemala, while 853, or 2.3 percent, came from Honduras, where the migrant invasion began.

But that’s TB generally. Of more concern are the multi-drug resistant cases that came in: 482. Again, Mexico accounted for most of those: 66 or 13.7 percent. Fourteen Guatemalans had the disease, accounting for about three percent. None, apparently, came from Honduras.

MDR TB is a pressing concern, CDC reports, because “it is resistant to … the two most potent TB drugs … used to treat all persons with TB.”

Another 2,000 migrants are headed for Tijuana. They will pack the sports complex even tighter. If the 33-percent figure for sick migrants in Tijuana now holds true for those on the way, the town will be faced with another 660 very sick people.

Question: Is the United States expected to permit the entry of nearly 3,000 sick people, and if so, who will pay to treat their myriad diseases?

Southend Hospital battling bed bug infestation on two wards

The outbreak came to light after a hospital employee contacted the Echo with fears the problem was posing a health risk to patients, visitors and staff.

Two wards have become infested so far – the Eastwood ward which specialises in gynaecology and the Balmoral ward which specialises in wound care.

It is understood the hospital has had fumigators into the wards in a bid to combat the problem and patients had to be moved from the wards.

The employee, who will remain anonymous, said: “Everyone is concerned because the problem still seems to be spreading and people could end up taking them home with them if it isn’t sorted soon.

“They had pest control in a couple of weeks ago but the wards are still infested with them.”

Denise Townsend, director of nursing at Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust said: “We can confirm that the Trust has experienced a minor infestation of bed bugs, restricted to a small area on two wards.

“This is being contained and treated appropriately in partnership with a professional pest control service.

“Bed bugs can be transported easily in luggage, clothing and furniture.

“We have advised patients and staff on the affected to wards to minimise the amount of personal belongings they bring onto the ward with them and to report any bites or sightings to our infection control team to help prevent further spread.”

Bed bugs are parasites which can bite and cause itchy red bumps on the skin.

The bites are painless, but some people experience a reaction to them.

This can occur from a few minutes after being bitten to up to a week or two later.

The bites can cause rashes, and fluid-filled blisters in more severe cases and can also become infected if scratched.

Pest control experts Rentokil say the presence of bed bugs in hospitals could indicate poor quality of hygiene and sanitation, as well as cause discomfort to patients.

 

https://www.echo-news.co.uk/news/17257270.hospital-battling-bed-bug-infestation-on-two-wards/

School districts are not required to report bed bugs

By: Carley Gordon

“They could be anywhere,” said a Maury county mother who didn’t want to share her identity, but did want to tell people about what teachers found inside her daughter’s Highland Park Elementary classroom.

“Those bed bugs spread like 100 feet over night,” said the parent.

Students’ parents received a letter on Thursday, now the mother News4 spoke to is concerned about where the bed bugs are spreading and what the district is spraying to get rid of them, especially since her daughter is special needs.

“We have a $5,000 bed in there that we can’t just throw out. We have a $1,500 wheel chair that we can’t just throw out. This is my child’s health, her needs, all that’s involved,” said the mother.

So has this happened in your child’s school and how many times?

It turns out, the state doesn’t keep track.

Districts aren’t required to report bed bug cases and there are no state rules on how districts should respond.

Instead, districts make their own policies

For example, in Rutherford County, a spokesperson said bed bugs have become more common recently and their responses depend on the case.

Typically, they said they isolate and bag the affected student’s belongings and talk with that student’s parents about treating their home.

They also notify the other parents and use an exterminator when necessary.

At Highland Park in Maury County, this marks the second bed bug case in two years.

A spokesperson for the district said they have a pest control expert scheduled and are vacuuming daily.

“I just feel like, bed bugs, they could remove them kids from that classroom and clear out that whole room until you get rid of them all,” said the concerned mother.