Your Christmas tree could be KILLING you without you even realising it

By: Jim Hardy
Boffins are blaming Christmas Tree syndrome for a list of illnesses which could include pneumonia
Family Decorating Christmas Tree At Home
Family time: But the tree could be bringing in illnesses on its festively-coloured needles (Image: Rex)

It’s a centrepiece of the festive season in many homes – but your Christmas tree could actually end up KILLING you .

The shock news comes as one in three Brits are experiencing health reactions to the seasonal feature, which might look harmless, but could end up causing life-threatening pneumonia.

And if you’re thinking of switching to an artificial tree, beware of its layer of dust which may cause a set of its own problems.

The runny nose and cough that many of us associate with this time of year may well be caused by the mould harboured by the tree – and the longer your tree is up, the worse you could feel.

Research says that 35 per cent of people surveyed suffer from an increase of hay fever-like symptoms over the festive season, with pine Christmas trees causing most of the problems, according to a recent poll for Prevalin Allergy.

Dubbed Christmas Tree Syndrome, symptoms include itchy nose, watery eyes, wheezing, coughing, chest pains, lethargy and insomnia – and even lead to pneumonia in rare serious cases.

Boffins discovered the condition after they saw an increase in respiratory problems in the weeks leading up to and shortly after December 25.

The scientists, from Upstate Medical University, part of the State University of New York, found that when they analysed pine needles and bark from 28 Christmas trees, they found 53 cases of mould.

Woman Sneezing And Coughing In Snow Storm
Tissue times: Sniffles and coughs may be caused by the mould which the tree brings into the house(Image: Rex)

This mould releases spores that can trigger allergic reactions in people who are susceptible.

While it is naturally occurring, the process of bringing the tree inside creates the perfect environment for it to grow.

Another study found that after two weeks of being on display, the number of airborne mould spores coming from a Christmas tree increases from 800 per 35 cubic feet to 5,000.

Not everybody will experience symptoms when exposed to these mould spores.

Dr Lawrence Kurlandsky, who conducted the research, said in his report: “If you and your children don’t have any obvious allergies, then it is probably not going to bother you.”

The team found that the mould in highest quantities on Christmas trees – aspergillus, penicillium, cladosporium and alternaria – are the ones most likely to trigger allergies.

Moulds naturally occur on the pines, but flourish rapidly when brought into centrally heated environments of our homes.

Around 10 per cent of the people with allergy-based asthma have attacks triggered by mould, and cladosporium is one of the main culprits.

The number of cladosporium spores often increase at this time of year anyway because they are typically found among rotting leaves or compost heaps.

Christmas tree
O Christmas tree: But the festive fir may be a worry for the health of the family (Image: Wyevale Garden Centre/REX Shutterstock)

Signs that your tree may be making you ill are if you suddenly have an asthma attack after the tree is brought indoors or if your nose suddenly starts running and you are sneezing, even though you don’t feel as if you have a cold.

For some people the effects of the mould can be severe. In around one in 500 people, such as those with a compromised immune system, the mould will settle and grow inside their airways, and will cause the sudden onset of a cough and fatigue that won’t shift.

A spokesman for the London Allergy Clinic said: “Someone with a lot of allergies can react to simply the smell of the Christmas tree, which comes from the pine resin, and it can trigger sneezes and wheezes in some people.

“Also, if someone already has a respiratory allergy – such as to a pet or dust mites – then the lining of their nose is already over-secreting and sensitive and the mould on the Christmas tree may make the symptoms of their normal allergy worse.

“‘If your symptoms get worse in the room where the tree is and especially when you get close to the tree, for example, as you take presents off it, then it is safe to say the allergen causing your problems is coming from the tree.”

Experts recommend spraying it with a mild bleach solution just before you take the tree into the house, as this will help kill off the mould.

If you are suffering from mild sneezes or just a bit of a runny nose, then take antihistamines.

Nasal sprays are the best because they work directly on the nasal passages where the allergic reaction to the mould is triggered.

Allergens expert, Max Wiseberg said even switching to an artificial tree has its problems.

Christmas tree with gifts
Faking it: An artificial tree could also cause issues, bringing dust with it from a year in storage (Image: Getty)

“If you have stored your tree since last year, it will have accumulated a layer of dust which will be dispersed when it is disturbed.

“So consider how your store your artificial tree when it’s not in use – packing it away in a sealed box will mean less dust accumulates.

“Also, give it a good clean when you get it out of storage – ideally outside or away from the living room, so that you’re not simply displacing the dust around the room.

“Hosing down your tree before taking it into the house, or after getting it out of storage, can help get rid of some of the mould and spores – though it’s probably best to get someone who isn’t allergic to do this!

“You should also take care when decorating the tree, or again get someone else to do it, as allergens will be disturbed as you move the tree into position and move the branches to hang the baubles and add the lights.”

Putting up the tree as late as possible will help minimise the risk, whilst an air purifier may also help.

Pesticides Don’t Solve Bed Bug Problems…Kiltronx Does

Kil

The United States uses over one billion pounds of pesticides a year.

There’s evidence that even small doses of these affect our health.

Every day we are exposed to hundreds of pesticides and other chemicals.

They’re in our food, air, water, environment and many personal use products.

And because of this, human assessments have found over two-hundred chemicals and 44 pesticides in our bodies.

And there’s plenty of proof showing pesticides are hazardous to our health.

Pregnant women may pass this chemical burden to their unborn children and through breast milk.

And to add insult to injury, adding indoor pesticides creates even greater risks in our households.

Aerosols are especially toxic in closed or small rooms.

If all these chemicals and pesticides are so safe and worked as well as they say on the label, why do they have to be applied so often?

Now Let’s Add Bed Bugs to the Mix

As bed bug populations increase, desperate people do desperate things.

Especially when professional bed bug exterminator cost is out of reach for them.

Most people don’t understand them but want to get rid of bed bugs fast.

They will reach for over the counter chemical products to kill bed bugs.

Because bed bugs can be resistant to these, it results in increased pesticide misuse.

People saturate beds and couches with cans of pesticides and containers of alcohol.

The corners, floor and perimeters of room often have mounds of diatomaceous earth.

Children, seniors and pets are especially venerable to these environmental toxins.

Some may experience headaches, nausea, vomiting or dizziness.

This makes them think they have the flue.

Many of these acute illnesses associated with these pesticides are never reported.

Or that they are poisoning their environment.

The Kiltronx Solution

Our philosophy for bed bugs includes kill them when you have them, and be proactive in prevention.

Since bed bug infestation treatment options can be puzzling for most, we take the confusion out of it.

You never know when a bed bug can hitchhike a ride home on your clothing or an article.

And if you don’t notice it, it will wind up in your bed soon or later.

Were all about protecting your family and preventing bed bug infestations.

Surround your box spring and mattress with Live Free Bed Bug Control.

Our sleep safe solution for bed bugs!

Bed bugs don’t have to a chance to colonize, and will die within hours without toxic pesticides.

Watch our video on our Live Free Bed Bug Barrier Systems here.

We provide what you need for a simple lifestyle change.

This keeps you and your family protected against future infestations.

Since bed bugs can show up anywhere and at any time…

We have full line of prevention products that make your life worry-free.

you can find them here: http://kiltronx.us/3-products.html

[1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2946087/

[2]https://www.cdc.gov/

[3]https://toxicsaction.org/issues/pesticides/

[4]https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6037a1.htm?s_cid=mm6037a1_e

[5]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_eQYuuTA8c

[6]http://kiltronx.us/3-products.html

 

Scientists say Zika ‘may be impossible to eradicate in the Americas’

By: BTN News
New research indicates wild monkeys in South America are carrying the Zika virus, which then is transmitted to people via mosquitoes, with scientists saying it may be impossible to eradicate the virus in the Americas.
Zika is relatively harmless to most people, but can lead to birth defects in babies whose mothers are infected during pregnancy. Mosquitoes are the prime transmitters of the disease to people.
“Our findings change our understanding of the ecology and transmission of Zika virus in the Americas,” said senior study author Nikos Vasilakis, a professor in the department of pathology at the University of Texas Medical Branch.
“A natural transmission cycle involving local mosquitoes and wild local primates as a reservoir and amplification host will impact our predictions of new outbreaks in the Americas, because we cannot eradicate this natural transmission cycle,” Vasilakis said.
After the carcasses of wild monkeys in Brazil were found to be infected with Zika, the researchers infected four monkeys with the Zika virus in a laboratory.
They found that levels of the virus remained steady over time, suggesting that monkeys are a reservoir of the virus in tropical areas of the Americas.
Senior study author doctor Mauricio Lacerda Nogueira said: “This is a game changer for people involved with disease control – including vaccine developers, public health officials and policymakers.”

DDT in Glacial Melt Puts Alaskan Communities at Risk

(Beyond Pesticides, December 11, 2018) Meltwater and runoff from Alaskan glaciers contain detectable levels of organochlorine pesticides that bioconcentrate in fish and put individuals at risk, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Maine(UMaine). DDT, lindane, and other organochlorines have been detected throughout the world, even in natural areas thought to be untouched, and pristine. As UMaine scientists show, the atmospheric transport and ubiquitous deposition of these pesticides continues to pose risks to U.S. residents long after regulations banned their use.

Although most of the highly toxic class of organochlorine pesticides like DDT were banned in the early 1970s, some chemicals retained certain uses. Lindane, for example, had its pest management uses phased out gradually until 2007, but is still allowed today as a scabies and lice shampoo. While use of these pesticides has declined in the U.S., much of the developing world, including many Asian countries, such as China, India, and North Korea, still report use. This results in atmospheric transport of the pesticides, and relevant to the UMaine research, increases the likelihood that the chemicals will eventually be deposited onto Alaskan glaciers through snow or rain.

The UMaine research team investigated the amount of DDT and lindane historically and recently deposited into the Jarvis Glacier, located in Eastern Alaska northwest of Juneau. Researchers analyzed glacial meltwater and ice core samples down to the bedrock.

Results found that ice core samples taken between 20 and 45 feet contained the highest concentrations of organochlorines, with concentrations decreasing closer to bedrock. Meltwater generally contains slightly higher levels of pesticides than any ice core sample taken. Although concentrations detected are low and none exceeded 1.12 ng/L, researchers indicate that the risk is not direct exposure, but the bioconcentration of these chemicals up the food chain.

In UMaine’s press release, study coauthor Kimberly Miner, PhD, indicates that even with low levels of organochlorines, both adults and children who regularly consume fish in contaminated streams are at increased risk of cancer, as their consumption levels are likely to exceed EPA thresholds. She indicates that children are particularly vulnerable, and as climate change accelerates the rate of melting, these concerns are only likely to intensify. “This secondary impact of climate change will be felt most strongly by children, and needs to be addressed in a comprehensive way,” Dr. Miner said. Organochlorine contamination not only puts individuals at health risks, it jeopardizes the traditions and subsistence way of life for many Alaskan native peoples, necessitating significant investment in culturally appropriate solutions.

Research published earlier this year links mothers’ DDT exposure to increased rates of autismin their children. In 2016, a similar study found that mothers with organochlorine contamination in the highest 25th percentile had an 80% increased risk of giving birth to a child that develops autism. DDT and its breakdown products are known endocrine disruptors and have been linked to breast cancer, and early menopause. Lindane is considered by the world health organization to be in the highest cancer classification – carcinogenic to humans (Group 1), but, despite this, risk is still allowed for use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

The dangers posed by long-banned pesticides highlights the ongoing deficiencies in regulating persistent pesticides. For example, DDT, though banned for use in the U.S. in 1972, continued to be produced in the U.S. and exported throughout the world into the late 1980s. This is the case with a number of toxic pesticides – banned for use in the U.S., but not for export to other countries. It is incumbent on U.S. lawmakers and regulators to enact protections in a manner that makes us a model for the world, rather than shifting hazards to developing countries. To the extent that we are aware of the hazards of pesticides, have cancelled some or all of their uses, and are aware of a country’s limited capacity to enforce label restrictions on use, training, and protective equipment, it is unconscionable to export hazardous pesticides. As this study reveals, such failures to stop the exportation of hazardous pesticides are likely to come back to harm us in the long run.

For more information on the dangers posed by long-banned pesticides, see Beyond Pesticides Daily News sections for DDT and lindane.

All unattributed positions and opinions in this piece are those of Beyond Pesticides.

Source: Water-OpenAccessJournal,  University of Maine PR

KiltronX Gives You Power and Control Over Bed Bugs

Since the onset of bedbugs in the late 90’s, we’ve come to understand that bedbug infestations are completely avoidable.

No, we’re not saying you won’t get them, because everyone is at risk.

What we are saying is, bedbugs don’t have to grow into infestations if you put a little prevention in place.

It starts with [1] learning risks and how to recognize the signs.

Once you know these things you can be proactive in prevention!

KiltronX is a company that thought this out and prepared a powerful, yet effective product line to end bedbugs before they can take hold.

Do-It-Yourself Isn’t as Hard as You Think

From what you read online, you’d think that bedbugs are impossible to deal with.

Well, it isn’t so if you know what you’re doing that is.

We give you power to control and make it easy and affordable.

Having a coordinated bedbug control system in place eliminates the worry of bed bugs taking over.

We know that pesticides are not the answer to bedbugs.

Most pesticides used today, are at best moderately effective at controlling these pests.

Sure, they may kill a bug if you drown it with spray, but most bedbugs “hide” where you can’t always see them.

And who wants their home saturated with toxic chemicals anyway?

Steps for KiltronX Do-it-Yourself Bed Bug Control

“if you already have an infestation”, determine the extent of your infestation.

We are here to put an end to bedbugs without breaking the bank.

Order our [2] KiltronX Live Free Bedbug Barrier Systems Emergency Response Kit and get to work.

You want to make sure you apply KiltronX products in all areas.

Most of the time bedbugs will be found in areas where they can access a meal, your bed.

But they are often found in coaches and easy chairs.

They don’t fly or jump so they need to crawl to your when you are resting for long periods of time.

Typically, an infestation will begin in one room and spread to other rooms of the home as people take items that may be infested from one room to another.

So be mindful of what you remove from the infested room so you don’t spread them further.

Also, if you live in a dwelling with shared walls you need to talk to your neighbors and coordinate a complete elimination protocol together.

Elimination Tips

Don’t go throwing away all your furniture!

It’s not necessary and most everything is treatable. (Unless it’s very old, has lots of rips, stains, tears and you wanted to replace it anyway).

If you choose to throw an item away, make sure to wrap it in plastic so nothing falls off during transport.  (You don’t want to spread them)

And don’t forget to mark it “Bed Bug Infested“, so it isn’t tempting for an unsuspected trash shopper.

And please, don’t donate infested items to your local thrift store!

If you do throw items away, remember don’t replace them until you know all the bedbugs are gone. (You wouldn’t want to re-infest your new furniture)

Bedbugs are normally located on the mattress and box spring piping and edges, but can also be on the headboard and frame if you have one.

The KiltronX Bedbug Control System is the first, and only one of its kind, complete bedbug solution that offers protection for the entire room.

Our product consists of non-woven textiles infuse with an organic compound called KiltreX Powder that actively kills bedbugs.

How?

When a bed bug crawls across the protective barrier and comes in contact with KiltreX Powder, the powder works by pulling the moisture out the exoskeleton of the bug.

Similar usage in the organic farming industry, KiltreX Powder can be safely used around humans and pets.

First, apply Live Free Kilspray and KiltreX Powder to infect areas and allow to dry.

For best results, apply [3] KiltronX Mattress Wrap and Topper Sheet to your bed.  This creates a “barrier” to protect you and kill bedbugs.

Apply Leg Booties to the legs of your bed-frame and KilTape to headboard.

Note: Take furniture apart – remove drawers and cushions and inspect and treat every nook and cranny.  Pat attention to each welt, button and fold in upholstered furniture.

You man wish to discard low-value, stuffed furniture that is infested and too difficult to treat,  After spraying, return each article of furniture to the part of the room that have been treated.  Do not reintroduce any furniture of other items to the treated room until they have been thoroughly clean, inspected or treated.

Economical with Guarantee!

All our product can be found on our websiteAmazon, Walmart for under $100.

KiltronX products work 24/7/365 and helps control bed bugs – Guaranteed for up to two years!

No other product gives you the peace of mind and guarantee that KiltronX does.

Buy yours today!

 

 

 

Chagas Disease Spreading to US, Death Rate Higher Than Expected

By

NutritonReview.org

Chagas disease is classified as one of the 17 most important neglected diseases by the World Health Organization. Now, researchers have found that even the non-symptomatic stage of Chagas infection, which can last for many years, more than doubles a person’s risk of death. The new study, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, also concludes that deaths from Chagas have likely been under-reported in the past.

Chagas disease is an insect-borne parasitic disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, also known as the kissing bug, an insect found across half of the United States. A bite from an infected insect initially causes swelling, fever, and headaches, but symptoms are generally mild and fade away after a few months. Infected people often live for decades with no further signs of the disease, during which time medical experts believed there were no further effects. Now new research has revealed that years later, roughly 30% of those infected can develop serious cardiac, digestive, or neurological disorders.

Chagas Spreading to U.S.
Chagas disease is primarily associated with Central and South America, where it is a leading causes of heart failure. Now the disease, and the insect that causes it, are becoming more common across the United States, with a higher percentage of new infections being contracted within the U.S. borders. In Texas, Chagas disease is now diagnosed at higher levels than previously believed, according to researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston. “We were astonished to not only find such a high rate of individuals testing positive for Chagas in their blood, but also high rates of heart disease that appear to be Chagas-related,” said Baylor epidemiologist Melissa Nolan Garcia.

And the problem is not just in Texas – one recent study of 5,000 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County has found that 1.24% now test positive for Chagas disease. Additionally, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have estimated that approximately 300,000 people are living with Chagas in the US.

Increased Risk of “Silent Death”

Less than 1% of infected patients are receiving treatment for Chagas disease, according to Dr. Sheba Meymandi, Director of the Center of Excellence for Chagas Disease (CECD) at Olive View-UCLA Medical Center. “Without treatment many Chagas patients are at risk of a “silent death” due to heart failure. Our study demonstrates the need for similar research in other states, and underscores the critical importance of early detection and treatment to tackle this public health challenge in the US.”

Increased Mortality from Chagas

In another new paper, Ligia Capuani, of the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and colleagues studied medical records of 2,842 Chagas-positive and 5,684 Chagas-negative blood donors in Sao Paulo from 1996 to 2000. Since blood donors are routinely screened for symptoms of active Chagas disease, it was assumed that blood samples testing positive for the parasite were from individuals in the indeterminate phase of the disease. Their records were cross-referenced with the Brazil national mortality information system to determine whether each person had died and, if so, the cause of death.

Among those who tested positive for Chagas, 159 (5.6%) died during the course of the study, whereas only 103 (1.8%) who tested negative for the disease died, representing a more than doubling of the overall death risk. Moreover, when only deaths due to Chagas or to underlying cardiac abnormalities were analyzed, the different was even greater – those diagnosed with Chagas disease had a 17.9 time greater risk of death. However, Chagas was often not listed as a cause of death in patients who had tested positive for the disease and died of heart problems.

“The fact that Chagas disease was not reported as an underlying or associated cause of death on the death certificate of 42% of seropositive donors that died due to cardiac causes demonstrates under ascertainment of Chagas disease pathogenesis, highlighting its status as a neglected tropical disease,” the researchers say. “Research is urgently needed in order to test new therapeutic options with fewer side effects and to find better correlates of disease progression.”

Treatment

The only drugs that successfully kill Trypanosoma cruzi parasites are benznidazole and nifurtimox, both more than 40 years old. Presently, neither drug is registered for use in the US by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Boosting access to these drugs and developing newer, better treatments will be critical to any Chagas disease response.

Source: Ligia Capuani, Ana Luiza Bierrenbach, Airlane Pereira Alencar, Alfredo Mendrone, João Eduardo Ferreira, Brian Custer, Antonio Luiz P. Ribeiro, Ester Cerdeira Sabino. Mortality among blood donors seropositive and seronegative for Chagas disease (1996–2000) in São Paulo, Brazil: A death certificate linkage studyPLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2017; 11 (5): e0005542 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005542

Sorry To Break It To You, But You Can Get Bed Bugs on Airplanes

By: Ana Luisa Suarez

(Image credit: Ryan Fletcher / Shutterstock.com)

SHARE
EMAIL
29

Have you ever read something and thought “well, that is enough internet for today!” Us too. We’re sorry to tell you this, but you should be aware of it. Apparently, you can get bed bugs on an airplane. Yup – they’re not just on beds, these bugs like to catch flights too.

Bed bugs are little pests that grow to the size of an apple seed. They’re known for feeding off of blood, thus causing itchy and blotchy spots on their human hosts. Their name has always implied that bed bugs typically appear in one area – a bedroom. However, bedbugs actually can be spread and travel with their human hosts.

According to a report by Fox5NY, bed bugs were discovered on an Air India flight from Newark International Liberty airport bound for India. If you thought “well, that is just one airplane,” think again, because however those bed bugs got there, they had to come on one person or multiple people, and those people had to go through security, they could have stopped in the bathroom or for food. Newark Liberty International Airport sees over 12 million international passengers and over 27 million domestic passengers.

One passenger on the flight shared a tweet about how their seats were infested with bed bugs and they shared several photos for evidence. An infant on the flight was covered in bug bites by the end of the 17-hour flight. The entire family had to be treated for bed bug bites and were prescribed 10 days worth of antibiotics.

View image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Pravin Tonsekar@pat_tons

@airindiain @sureshpprabhu @narendramodi_in Suresh Prabhuji – just arrived from New York on Air India 144 business class with family . All our seats infested with bed bugs . Sir , have heard of bed bugs on trains but shocked to experience on our maharaja and that too business

285 people are talking about this

After multiple passengers tweeted photos of bug bites and their airplane seats, Air India has issued a statement:

“Air India is deeply concerned with a few reports of ‘bugs’ causing inconvenience to its esteemed passengers. The issue has been viewed seriously and every possible step is being taken to closely inspect and further strengthen our system at every level to ensure that such isolated incidents of passenger discomfiture do not affect our consistent performance.”

Bed bugs tend to feed on their host while they’re sleeping, typically between 12 AM to 5 AM. They need to feed often in order to reproduce and lay eggs. If you’ve been bitten by a bed bug, you should see a doctor to get treatment. Many treatments for these bites are antihistamines and topical creams to relieve the itching, oral antibiotics to reduce inflammation around the bite, and/or corticosteroids if the person that was bitten is having a severe reaction. Unlike ticks and mosquitos, bed bugs don’t carry and transmit diseases, but their bites are very irritating.

Next time you fly, you might want double check your seat for any signs of bed bugs. They leave behind tiny rusty-brown spots that are about the size of apple seeds.

H/T: Jalopnik

YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE
Why You Should Keep a Cup of Vinegar on Your Countertop
The Triple Threat Everyone Should Try In the Bedroom
16 Kitchens that Skipped the Reno and Embraced Vintage Vibes
The $14 Trick to Making Any Furniture More Functional
The Slightly Splurgy Target Find That Solved My Storage Woes [Kitchn]
Why I Stopped Buying Butternut Squash in the Produce Section [Kitchn]
SPONSORED BY BEMZ
Win the Ultimate IKEA Sofa Makeover
Prize: The Bemz Slipcover of your choice & 4 Maxwell Ryan x Bemz legs Total Value: $499 From: Bemz Slipcovers are the tailored suits of the furniture world, and legs are the fancy shoes. Put them both on and you’ve got one chic sofa that cuts a dash! Bemz—the premiere maker of beautiful, washable slipcovers for IKEA sofas and chairs, all made to order in Europe—is giving one reader’s sofa a makeover with the slipcover of their choice plus four replacement furniture legs designed by our very own CEO and founder Maxwell Ryan.
KEEP READING
SAVE THIS STORY
SHARE
EMAIL

Have you ever read something and thought “well, that is enough internet for today!” Us too. We’re sorry to tell you this, but you should be aware of it. Apparently, you can get bed bugs on an airplane. Yup – they’re not just on beds, these bugs like to catch flights too.

Bed bugs are little pests that grow to the size of an apple seed. They’re known for feeding off of blood, thus causing itchy and blotchy spots on their human hosts. Their name has always implied that bed bugs typically appear in one area – a bedroom. However, bedbugs actually can be spread and travel with their human hosts.

According to a report by Fox5NY, bed bugs were discovered on an Air India flight from Newark International Liberty airport bound for India. If you thought “well, that is just one airplane,” think again, because however those bed bugs got there, they had to come on one person or multiple people, and those people had to go through security, they could have stopped in the bathroom or for food. Newark Liberty International Airport sees over 12 million international passengers and over 27 million domestic passengers.

One passenger on the flight shared a tweet about how their seats were infested with bed bugs and they shared several photos for evidence. An infant on the flight was covered in bug bites by the end of the 17-hour flight. The entire family had to be treated for bed bug bites and were prescribed 10 days worth of antibiotics.

View image on TwitterView image on Twitter

Pravin Tonsekar@pat_tons

@airindiain @sureshpprabhu @narendramodi_in Suresh Prabhuji – just arrived from New York on Air India 144 business class with family . All our seats infested with bed bugs . Sir , have heard of bed bugs on trains but shocked to experience on our maharaja and that too business

After multiple passengers tweeted photos of bug bites and their airplane seats, Air India has issued a statement:

“Air India is deeply concerned with a few reports of ‘bugs’ causing inconvenience to its esteemed passengers. The issue has been viewed seriously and every possible step is being taken to closely inspect and further strengthen our system at every level to ensure that such isolated incidents of passenger discomfiture do not affect our consistent performance.”

Bed bugs tend to feed on their host while they’re sleeping, typically between 12 AM to 5 AM. They need to feed often in order to reproduce and lay eggs. If you’ve been bitten by a bed bug, you should see a doctor to get treatment. Many treatments for these bites are antihistamines and topical creams to relieve the itching, oral antibiotics to reduce inflammation around the bite, and/or corticosteroids if the person that was bitten is having a severe reaction. Unlike ticks and mosquitos, bed bugs don’t carry and transmit diseases, but their bites are very irritating.

Next time you fly, you might want double check your seat for any signs of bed bugs. They leave behind tiny rusty-brown spots that are about the size of apple seeds.

Study Offers Further Evidence of Bed Bugs’ Ability to Transmit Chagas Disease Pathogen

bed bug adult with eggs and nymphs

A study by researchers at New Mexico State University shows that bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are capable of hosting the pathogen that causes Chagas disease for up to 97 days, and the pathogen can persist even through the bed bug’s molting process between one nymphal stage and the next. (Photo credit: David Mora del Pozo, Anticimex)

 

Though generally regarded as a nuisance or irritant pest, the common bed bug (Cimex lectularius) is known to be capable of harboring more than 40 human disease-causing pathogens. It’s the transmission back to humans that bed bugs seem not to be as good at as some of their other blood-feeding cousins. But entomologists have some evidence that bed bug feces can be a channel for disease transmission, so it’s wise to study which pathogens bed bugs can carry and just how well those pathogens can survive within them.

To that end, bed bug researchers at New Mexico State University have investigated the ability of bed bugs to carry Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan that causes Chagas disease, and report their findings in a new article published Friday in the Journal of Medical Entomology. In a lab experiment, the researchers found that nearly all bed bugs they fed with T. cruzi-infected blood later showed live forms of the pathogen in their guts and that T. cruzi frequently survived through its hosts’ molting.

That latter finding, known as transstadial persistence, is notable because bed bug nymphs typically molt after each blood meal, which they do five times before reaching their adult stage, says Alvaro Romero, Ph.D., assistant professor of urban entomology at NMSU and senior researcher on the study. “If T. cruzi could not persist throughout the molting process, nymphs would be less effective as vectors since they would have to feed on an infected host to reacquire the parasite in their guts after each molting. says Romero.

“Romero and colleagues Brittny Blakely and Stephen Hanson, Ph.D., sought to understand how long T. cruzi could survive within bed bugs, and they found that—in addition to the parasite surviving across nymphal stages—T. cruzi lasted as long as 97 days in adult male bed bugs fed with infected blood (whether it could last longer is unknown, as the experiment stopped after that period). The evidence might have important epidemiological implications, Romero says, in case cycles of T. cruzi infection between bed bugs and humans get established in areas endemic to Chagas disease.

Chagas disease is a vector-borne infection with symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening, and it is spread primarily by insects in the Triatominae subfamily, a grouping of approximately 130 species found in the Americas. (They’re often known as “kissing bugs,” for their habit of feeding on sleeping humans’ faces.) The blood-feeding insects spread Chagas disease through their feces, and the infection affects as many as 8 million people in Mexico, Central America, and South America, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The NMSU researchers’ findings offer further evidence that bed bugs could be potentially capable of spreading Chagas disease in natural conditions. A study by the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine published in 2015 showed bed bugs could spread the infection to mice in a lab setting, though further research is needed, Romero says, to judge whether such transmission can occur from bed bugs to humans, in a real-world setting, and to what degree.

“We also hope this work triggers interest from the Latin American research community to look in more detail at the epidemiology of Chagas, or any other disease, in their countries and better understand the potential of bed bugs to transmit the disease causal agent in natural conditions,” Romero says.

Nearly 2,500 Migrants in Tijuana Sick With Communicable Diseases

Nearly 2,500 Migrants in Tijuana Sick With Communicable Diseases

Written by  

 

If wrecking American sovereignty, lowering wages, and increasing the public welfare load aren’t reasons enough to oppose the influx of migrant invaders sitting in Tijuana, here is another: At least 30 percent of them are sick with communicable diseases they might spread to Americans in schools, hospitals, welfare and employment offices, and other public places.

And by “sick,” officials in Mexico don’t mean the common cold. They mean serious disease.

Some of the migrants are turning around and heading home after months of traveling through Mexico, as The New American reported today. But with a third of the 6,000 or so in Tijuana coughing and breaking out in blisters, now is not the time for the Trump administration to weaken.

AIDS, TB, and Chickenpox
That’s because the diseases many of the migrants carry are deadly — or can be.

“Out of 6,000 migrants currently residing in the city, over a third of them (2,267) are being treated for health-related issues,” Fox News reported.

So far, officials have confirmed three cases of tuberculosis, four cases of AIDS, and four separate cases of chickenpox, the network reported.

Even worse, they’ve also brought in bugs. Real bugs. At least 101, Fox reported, carry lice and “skin infections.”

That means the migrants might well start a typhus epidemic or bring in chagas disease.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, the body louse is the vector for the typhus bacterium, Rickettsia prowazekii.

“Epidemic typhus is spread to people through contact with infected body lice,” CDC says. It noted the disease is uncommon these days, although “epidemic typhus was responsible for millions of deaths in previous centuries.” But cases continue to occur, in areas where extreme overcrowding is common and body lice can travel from one person to another.”

The Benito Juarez Sports Complex, where the migrants are housed, is one such overcrowded area: 6,000 are packed into an area meant for 1,000.

Chagas is another of the many benefits the migrants might bring. And unlike louse-borne typhus, chagas is not rare. It’s epidemic in Latin America.

Blood-sucking triatomine bugs cause the disease:

These blood-sucking bugs get infected by biting an infected animal or person. Once infected, the bugs pass T. cruzi parasites in their feces. The bugs are found in houses made from materials such as mud, adobe, straw, and palm thatch. During the day, the bugs hide in crevices in the walls and roofs. During the night, when the inhabitants are sleeping, the bugs emerge. Because they tend to feed on people’s faces, triatomine bugs are also known as “kissing bugs.”

Some eight million people in Mexico, Central America, and South America have it, and most don’t know it.

Officials also worry about a hepatitis outbreak because of the filth in the Benito Juarez Sports Complex. “The location also has only 35 portable bathrooms,” Fox reported. “A sign reading ‘No Spitting’ was put up, as coughing and spitting by migrants are rampant in the shelter.”

Multi-Drug Resistant TB
Particularly worrisome is how many of the migrants carry a particularly virulent form of TB that is resistant to multiple antibiotics. Frightening data appeared in a paper published last year by the National Center for Biotechnology Information.

It reported that 37,684 immigrants with TB entered the United States between 2005 and 2009. The most, 24.1 percent, or 9,098, came from Mexico. Another 1,154, or 3.1 percent, came from Guatemala, while 853, or 2.3 percent, came from Honduras, where the migrant invasion began.

But that’s TB generally. Of more concern are the multi-drug resistant cases that came in: 482. Again, Mexico accounted for most of those: 66 or 13.7 percent. Fourteen Guatemalans had the disease, accounting for about three percent. None, apparently, came from Honduras.

MDR TB is a pressing concern, CDC reports, because “it is resistant to … the two most potent TB drugs … used to treat all persons with TB.”

Another 2,000 migrants are headed for Tijuana. They will pack the sports complex even tighter. If the 33-percent figure for sick migrants in Tijuana now holds true for those on the way, the town will be faced with another 660 very sick people.

Question: Is the United States expected to permit the entry of nearly 3,000 sick people, and if so, who will pay to treat their myriad diseases?

SleepingSimple

Information and Perspectives on Bed Bug Prevention, Protection and Safety

Bed Bug Blog Report

Information and Perspectives on Bed Bug Prevention, Protection and Safety

Bed Bug Blog

Information and Perspectives on Bed Bug Prevention, Protection and Safety

Information and Perspectives on Bed Bug Prevention, Protection and Safety