Bed Bugs have Developed Resistance to most widely used Insecticide, Neonicotinoids.

If neonicotinoids no longer work against the elusive and resilient creatures, bed bugs will continue to thrive despite exterminators’ efforts.

Bed bugs are most often found in human dwellings such as apartments, condominiums, single-family homes, hotels, motels, movie theaters, libraries, dormitories, trains, buses, planes, workplace, waiting rooms and the list goes on.

“different modes … need to be considered, along with the use of non-chemical methods.”

January 28, 2016 | by Mahita Gajanan | The Guardian

Bed bugs have developed a resistance to neonicotinoids, a group of the most widely used insecticides, according to a new study published in the Journal of Medical Entomology.

Products developed over the past few years to control bed bugs combine neonicotinoids, or neonics, with pyrethroids, another class of insecticide.

The newly found resistance to neonics has real implications for people who need to control the pest, which are most often found in human dwellings such as apartments or condominiums, single-family homes and hotels or motels, according to the 2015 Bugs Without Borders Survey. Neonics are the most commonly used insecticide to fight the already elusive and resilient bed bugs, and if they no longer work, bed bugs will continue to thrive despite exterminators’ efforts.

Study authors Alvaro Romero, from New Mexico State University, and Troy Anderson, from Virginia Tech, discovered the resistance by collecting bed bugs from human dwellings in Cincinnati and Michigan and exposing them to four different neonics: acetamiprid, dinotefuran, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam.

Romero and Anderson applied the same neonics to a bed bug colony kept by entomologist Harold Harlan for more than 30 years without exposure to insecticide, and to a pyrethroid-resistant population from Jersey City, New Jersey, that had not been exposed to neonics since 2008.

Harlan’s bed bugs died after exposure to small amounts of neonics. The Jersey City bed bugs died when exposed to imidacloprid and thiamethoxam but resisted the other two neonics.

According to Romero and Anderson, the neonic resistance in the Jersey City bed bugs could be credited to pre-existing resistance mechanisms. Bed bugs produce “detoxifying enzymes” to counter exposure to insecticides, and the researchers found that the Jersey City bed bugs had higher levels of the enzymes than did the Harlan bed bugs.

“Elevated levels of detoxifying enzymes induced by other classes of insecticides might affect the performance of newer insecticides,” Romero said.

The bed bugs collected from Cincinnati and Michigan proved to be tougher, with a much higher resistance to neonics than the Harlan and Jersey City bed bugs. Compared with Harlan’s bed bugs, the Michigan creatures were 462 times more resistant to imidacloprid, 198 times more resistant to dinotefuran, 546 times more resistant to thiamethoxam and 33,333 times more resistant to acetamiprid.

Similarly, the Cincinnati bed bugs were 163 times more resistant to imidacloprid, 358 times more resistant to dinotefuran, 226 times more resistant to thiamethoxam and 33,333 times more resistant to acetamiprid.

Romero said insecticide companies should be “vigilant for hints of declining performance of products that contain neonicotinoids”.

“For example, bed bugs persisting on previously treated surfaces might be an indication of resistance,” he said. “In these cases, laboratory confirmation of resistance is advised, and if resistance is detected, products with different modes of action need to be considered, along with the use of non-chemical methods.”

#SayNOtoPESTICIDES!

Denver – Don’t let the bed bugs bite!

January 15, 2016 | by Nancy Melear | FOX 31

If you wake up in the middle of the night with the horrifying feeling of your skin (literally) crawling, you might want to break out the magnifying glass:  it was just announced that Denver is #11 on Terminix’s most bed bug-infested city list.  What’s even scarier though, is the fact that bed bugs aren’t just waiting for you in your bed: they’re in the dresser where you keep your clothes, the bag you take to work, the bus you ride downtown and the conference room of your first meeting.

It’s a complete myth that bed bugs only thrive in mattresses!

 #SayNOtoPesticides!

Bed bug issues in the East prompts some to stop reselling furniture

December 15, 2015 | by Josh Birch

GREENVILLE, N.C. (WNCT) – A bed bug problem that some exterminators said is growing in areas in the East has prompted some to ban selling furniture and mattresses for the time being.The Pitt County Online Yardsale posted a message to users on December 12th informing people they no longer could sell or buy couches or furniture. This message came just one day after WNCT’s original story reported a possible bed bug problem in some Greenville Housing Authority’s units.

Tom Davis with D and D Pest Control said the bed bug problem is spreading.

“Usually you’re seeing them in the low income areas, now it’s starting to spread out and getting into the university area and then some of the higher income people,” Davis said.

Getting rid of bed bugs once you have them is an expensive process, one that could end up costing you thousands of dollars. Davis said they generally either use a heat or chemical treatment.

Places that resell furniture like the Salvation Army are by law required to sanitize mattresses before selling them. Robert Frye with the Salvation Army in Greenville said they won’t take mattresses that appear to have bed bugs. As soon as mattresses arrive, they are taken to the sanitization room where they are exposed to high temperatures for several hours.

While state law requires this process to be followed for reselling mattresses, it doesn’t apply to other items bed bugs can travel on like couches and clothes. For those, Frye said it is just an eye test.

“We inspect them again, to make sure they’re in good condition,” he said. “We look at the surroundings where they come out of, and we do the best we can.”

Bargain prices for items are generally what drive people into stores like the Salvation Army. Bonita Tyson was there looking at a bed for sale.

“In the store it normally costs about $500 or $600, and they have it here for like $199,” she said.

However, she said she is always careful about what she brings in to her home. She said whenever she buys something, she always sanitizes it herself before it enters her house.

If you move into a unit or house and find there are bed bugs there, you have up until 60 days to notify your landlord. At that time, the landlord would be responsible for treating the bed bugs. If more than 60 days go by, state law says the tenant is then responsible.

Miami, Fort Lauderdale Among Orkin’s Top 50 Bed Bug Cities

  January 13, 2016 | NBC Miami

Chicago tops pest control leader Orkin’s list of Top 50 Bed Bug Cities for the fourth year in a row, while several Florida cities also appear on the list – including Miami/Fort Lauderdale.
The list ranks cities by the number of bed bug treatments Orkin serviced from January through December 2015 and after an Orkin inspection verified bed bugs were present. The list includes both residential and commercial treatments.

This is the first year Orlando has ranked on Orkin’s Bed Bug Cities List, and Philadelphia is on the list for the first time since 2011.

Fourteen cities in the Midwest – more than any other region – are included in the ranking, including multiple cities in Illinois, Ohio, Michigan and Kentucky.

Six cities made double-digit jumps on Orkin’s Bed Bug Cities List compared to 2014, including Washington, D.C., which jumped to third on the list. Several cities also dropped significantly in the past year, including Dayton, Ohio, Louisville, Ky. and Sacramento, Calif.

“one out of five Americans has had a bed bug infestation in their home or knows someone who has encountered bed bugs at home or in a hotel”

Miami-Fort Lauderdale also dropped 10 spots when compared to 2014.

Orkin’s Complete List of Top 50 Bed Bug Cities:

1. Chicago 

2. Los Angeles (+2) 

3. Washington, D.C. (+11) 

4. New York (+14) 

5. Columbus, Ohio (-2) 

6. Philadelphia 

7. Detroit (-5) 

8. Cincinnati (-1) 

9. Richmond-Petersburg, Va. 

10. Baltimore (+21) 

11. Raleigh-Durham, N.C. (+6) 

12. Cleveland-Akron-Canton, Ohio (-7) 

13. Dallas-Ft. Worth (-7) 

14. San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose (+2) 

15. Indianapolis (-4) 

16. Charlotte, N.C. (+14) 

17. Houston (-5) 

18. Denver (-10) 

19. Atlanta (+6) 

20. Buffalo, N.Y. (+6) 

21. Greenville-Spartanburg, S.C.-Asheville, N.C. (+26) 

22. Nashville, Tenn. (+1) 

23. Phoenix (+9) 

24. Knoxville, Tenn. (+10) 

25. Boston-Manchester (+4) 

26. Milwaukee (-11)

27. Dayton, Ohio (-17)

28. Seattle (-15)

29. Pittsburgh

30. Norfolk-Portsmouth-Newport News, Va.

31. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla.

32. Grand Rapids-Kalamazoo-Battle Crk., Mich. (-12)

33. Lexington, Ky. (-9)

34. Hartford-New Haven, Conn. (+3)

35. Charleston-Huntington, W.Va. (-16)

36. Omaha, Neb. (-15)

37. San Diego (+2)

38. Orlando-Daytona Beach-Melbourne, Fla.

39. Louisville, Ky. (-17)

40. St. Louis (+6)

41. Cedar Rapids-Waterloo-Dubuque, Iowa (-6)

42. Champaign-Springfield-Decatur, Ill. (-4)

43. Miami-Ft. Lauderdale, Fla. (-10)

44. Kansas City, Mo. (-3)

45. Sacramento-Stockton-Modesto, Calif. (-18)

46. Syracuse, N.Y. (-18)

47. Colorado Springs-Pueblo, Colo. (-3)

48. Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y. (-5)

49. Honolulu (-7)

50. Myrtle Beach-Florence, S.C. (-5) 

Bed bugs are not necessarily a sign of uncleanliness. They have been found in upscale homes and hotels, movie theaters, schools and in public transit.

Homeowners, tenants and travelers all over the world should take the precautions to help prevent bed bugs:

At Home:

Inspect your home for signs of bed bugs regularly. Check locations where bed bugs hide during the day, including furniture, mattress seams and bed sheets, as well as behind baseboards, electrical outlets and picture frames.

Decrease clutter around your home to make bed bug inspections and detection much easier.

Inspect and quarantine all secondhand furniture before bringing it inside your home.

Dry potentially infested bed linens, curtains and stuffed animals on the hottest temperature allowed for the fabric.

During travel, remember the acronym S.L.E.E.P to inspect for bed bugs:

Survey the hotel room for signs of an infestation. Look for red or brown spots on sheets.

Lift and look in bed bug hiding spots: the mattress, box spring, sheets and furniture, as well as behind baseboards, pictures and even torn wallpaper.

Elevate luggage on a rack away from the bed and wall. The safest places are in the bathroom or on counters.

Examine your luggage while repacking and once you return home from a trip.

Place all dryer-safe clothing from your luggage in the dryer for at least 15 minutes at the highest setting after you return home.

While bed bugs are not known to spread human diseases like many other pests and some people have no reaction to bed bug bites, others may experience itchy red welts and swelling.

Since a resurgence in the late 1990s, bed bugs persist as a problem across the United States. According to recent surveys by the National Pest Management Association (NPMA), 99.6 percent of pest professionals surveyed treated for bed bugs in 2015 and one out of five Americans has had a bed bug infestation in their home or knows someone who has encountered bed bugs at home or in a hotel.

#SayNOtoPesticides!

DEADLY “KISSING BUG” HAS INFILTRATED FLORIDA…aka “Love Bug” and cousin to the BEDBUG – all transmit DEADLY CHAGAS disease

  
November 28, 2015 

The CDC reports the Kissing Bug has been discovered in the Southeastern U.S., including Florida. (Source: CBS4)

  
MIAMI (CBSMiami/AP) — New warnings have been issued by The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about the potentially deadly Chagas Disease from the kissing bug in Florida.

The bugs have invaded the southern United States, including Florida.

The infected inch-long Triatomine bugs carrying the parasite can pass it through bites. The bites are typically around the mouth and face, which is how they get their nickname “kissing bugs.”

Once in the body, the parasite can remain hidden for years, or even decades, eventually resulting in heart disease.

According to the CDC, it estimates about 8 million people are infected worldwide. Most of the infected are reportedly in Central and South America.

The CDC reports that infections have been reported in Arkansas, Arizona, Massachusetts, Tennessee and Texas.

Are you Living on Campus this Year….Sharing your Dorm with Bed Bugs?

Don’t let the Bed Bugs bite:  OSU Residential Life faces ongoing battle with bed bugs on campus

OSU

October 13, 2015 | Jordan McCoy | The O’Colly

Emily Rose, a freshman living in Parker Residence Hall, found several bed bugs in her dorm. Several residence halls have faced this problem.

You might have more roommates than you thought.

The presence of bed bugs on campus seems to be a recurring issue at OSU. Since July 1, there have been 21 positive cases of bed bugs on campus. Eight cases have been confirmed in family and graduate housing, and 13 in single student housing.

Eric Brinkman, a mechanical engineering junior, resides in Iba Hall and dealt with the bed bugs over the weekend.

“I flicked one off my shirt one morning after waking up,” Brinkman said. “It definitely is creepy. They have treated a few other rooms on the second floor in Iba, and another guy on the fourth floor reported bed bugs as well.”

Shannon Baughman, associate director of Operations for Housing and Residential Life, said that compared to other universities, OSU has a low occurrence rate of bed bugs.

“They’re everywhere,” Baughman said. “They’re in five-star hotels, movie theaters. Basically anywhere someone sleeps or rests.”

From July 1, 2014, to June 30, 73 rooms at OSU tested positive and were treated for bed bugs, according to Residential Life data. Of those 73, 41 were in single student housing, while 32 were in family and graduate housing. Eleven rooms had to be treated twice, according to the data.

Jackie Lee, OSU assistant professor of etymology, said bed bugs can easily move from dorm to dorm and will typically move 20 to 50 feet for a blood meal.

“The number one way bed bugs are spread today is by people picking up used furniture and bringing it into their home,” Lee said. “They’re hitchhikers, so they love to latch onto fabrics and travel in luggage and backpacks.”

Bed bugs are not known to transmit any blood borne illnesses or diseases, according to the Housing and Residential Life website.

Baughman said bed bugs are not an indicator of a person’s cleanliness or hygiene.

“Bed bugs do not discriminate,” she said. “Anyone can get them.”

Baughman said once a resident reports a possible bed bug infestation, Residential Life calls Oklahoma State Pest Control to do a visual inspection.

“Once we get visual confirmation of bed bugs, we give the resident the opportunity to relocate,” Baughman said. “There are emergency spaces set aside for this situation. Then, to treat the room, we perform thermal remediation where we heat up the space to over 120 degrees for several hours. Heat kills the bed bugs. After that, we leave a residual spray on the outside of the room and set traps on the legs of the bed. Our goal is to treat a room in 24 hours.”

Brinkman attests to the university’s efforts to combat the problem.

“Res life was great,” Brinkman said. “They take it seriously, and they do a great job. Communication is sometimes hard. It’s not always the most convenient, but they get the job done and make sure to follow through. It feels good to know that they really want to try and help those affected and get it taken care of.”